As the holidays approach, many families are immersed in a process of selection to ask Santa Clauss gifts or the Magi, theme that is not trivial, because in many cases gifts and toys that bring promote the way our children to invest their free time, mark relations with friends and family and will influence Therefore, in their education and of course in the development of their brain.
The game, today, is considered an activity indispensable and also very valuable for the maturation of the individual, because it is a way of learning both of values and behaviors and skills. In addition, constitute a fundamental vehicle for the overall development of children in all its facets: physical, mental, social, emotional and intellectual.
Intellectual level: means explore and discover the reality, inventing situations that give solution, memorizing rules and develop the attention.
Physical level: The movement that carries the game promotes knowledge of the own body scheme, muscular development, coordination and balance, the development of the senses, manual skills and body agility.
Social level: Through the game begin to reach out to others. Regulated games promote cooperation and dramatized games allow assume patterns and social behavior habits.
Affective level: The game provides the ability to relieve tension, express feelings and desires.
Moral level: Rules and contact with others develop ethical sincerity, justice and/or companionship feelings.
Pedagogical Criteria And Psychological For The Election Of The Toy
We therefore see that the choice of these gifts is quite important and is not a matter to be left only on economic criteria and the likes of themselves. We try to adjust, in addition, to criteria of psychological and pedagogical character, so gifts received in addition to adapt economically and have fun you provide multiple benefits to your brain and its global development.
The chronological age of the child.
Madurativa the same age. This can vary with regard to the chronological age in children presenting maturity delays or more severe deficiencies.
Learning styles. Know the style of our children’s learning will allow us to choose toys that encourage such learning or stimulate the gaps in others. These learning styles can be: musical, visual, verbal, kinesthetic or physical, logical-mathematical, social or individual. Noting what kind of activities you prefer we can have closer to knowing your learning style.
Develop the imagination.
Develop the thinking.
Allow participation and the relationship with other children.
Stimulate the expression of feelings.
Enable to make spontaneous initiatives.
Develop skills of cooperation.
Enable positive experiences, of equality and respect for others.
Take into account the personality, character, tastes and interests of the child.
Know the psicoevolutivo of development time
Know the moment psicoevolutivo of children’s development and its features will help us in the selection of toys.
During the first months of life (0-6 months), it is important to provide the babies sensory stimulation that allows you to discover your body and your environment elements such as shapes and colors.
From 6 months to 2 years, babies already crawling and begin to take their first step. Toys that help them this weekend as well as games that allow them to explore their surroundings in a creative way will be a success.
During the phase of 3 to 5 years, children already have some control of the language and begin to play with it as well as to recognize sounds from the environment, and to imitate them. Besides foster drama and musicality, games also we can provide them with toys that encourage the development of their motor skills.
In the early years of schooling, from 6 to 9 years old, children have acquired greater body strength so that all toys that allow them to develop the movement will help them to get rid of your tension. In addition, they have acquired more knowledge about the environment surrounding them and on the handling of language, yet are still at a stage where plentiful fantasy, so toys that promote the creative capacity, skill and imagination, as well as those who must comply with rules will be that most them have fun.
From age 9, They are very important games that enable them to exercise the role of adults in activities of research, crafts, musicians, etc. so toys constructions, microscopes, telescopes, musical instruments, modelismos, collectibles, etc. may in addition to divert them to initiate them in a hobby that can last a lifetime. During this stage, moreover, have great importance computer games already are sporting or wit or strategy.
Finally, during adolescence, eliminates the need for play. Tastes are imposed by technological items and those marked by the fashions, so it is time to encourage hobbies and leisure activities which has acquired during childhood so that they increase and don’t miss and even encourage and help them to find new ones, time and find their own identity.
Toys As Tools To Develop Executive Functions
With the choice of toys who ask these Christmas, and therefore with the type of game that will be developed with this toy also can help the brain development of children, particularly in the prefrontal cortex, a brain region that distinguishes us as human as is the headquarters of calls executive functions, which are fundamental in the development of the people. These can be improved, so knowing them we can exercise them, also from the game.
The basic components of these executive functions are:
- Impulse control: helps children to think before acting. Children with weak pulse control can perform acts or behaviour that may even involve risks, also allow them to keep the attention on the task. When a child has to wait their turn to participate in a game, or try to walk along a marked line are activities in which is put to the test their inhibitory control.
- Working memory: This report helps to keep the information that is required in complex cognitive tasks such as reasoning and learning. When we have stories or songs to children, enrich their vocabulary, but also when they narrate stories or sing those songs or try to remember the gestures that were associated with a letter or the movement of a game they are working the working memory.
- Flexible thinking: It allows children to adapt to the unexpected. Children with rigid thinking are not adapted to the changes and could, therefore, result in frustration when asked to think of something from a different perspective. When the child has to bring a kite, take part in a strategy game or any sport you will have to solve different situations in a very short period, in addition to having to test their creativity.
The game, after as it is picked by many educators, is an activity in itself, which contributes to the integral development of the child, which is intrinsic to it and gives you pleasure and enjoy.
The Game Is A Reflection Of The Society
The boy plays from the roles they see in their environment. If children see in their environment of gender equality also they play equal.
Toys and games have the power to develop values in children. If we want an egalitarian society, we must provide non-sexist toys.
Toys and games that we provide have the ability to develop skills and mental abilities. They have the ability to shape young children’s brain. Therefore, if we want adults that have critical thinking, which are decisive, critical, creative, etc. foster since childhood with the choice of toys. Toys that develop social skills, language development, psychomotor development, development of creativity, self-control, etc.
In the 21st century, success model comes from the hand of creativity, entrepreneurship, innovation, and the ability to continually reinvent itself to depend on, not to rely on others, but, own resources and skills in a complex, diverse and changing environment.
Taking into account both the importance of creativity, emotional intelligence and the role of curiosity, as well as pedagogical, psychological criteria, the knowledge of the characteristics psicoevolutivas of each stage of childhood, as well as the games that contribute to the development of the elements of the executive functions, bases have more than enough to be able to make a more judicious choice of assignments to Santa Claus or the Magi.
Media with the bombardment of ads, not only advertise to adults, but they do so indirectly on minors, trying to convince that they want those toys, which in many cases are temporary, that lead to the create new consumption requirements, that are not truly necessary, or even do not contribute to its pscioevolutivo, social development emotional or physical, but rather do the opposite and favor the loss of language skills, psychomotor, social and creative, that are those who wish to. We need to be adults who orient them in their requests, because today there are lot of playful toys, which also contribute to the development of the abilities of the children in the market. Not to mention that the best gift for children will always be spending time with your friends, family members and parents; quality time that is conducive to promoting language, curiosity and creativity games and situations.
” ” ” We have to worry about the emotional, social and physical well-being of children if we want to be able to solve problems, exercise self-control, or use any executive function in the proper” . Adele Diamond