Aleutians East Borough, Alaska

by | March 27, 2023

Aleutians East Borough is located in the Aleutian Islands, along the southwestern coast of Alaska. The borough covers an area of 6,722 square miles and stretches from Unimak Island in the east to Attu Island in the west. It consists of 15 islands and over 500 smaller islands, rocks and reefs. The terrain is varied with rugged mountains, rolling hills, flat plains, deep fjords and narrow straits. The highest point is Mount Shishaldin on Unimak Island at 9,372 feet above sea level.

The climate of Aleutians East Borough is subarctic with cool summers and cold winters. Precipitation is heavy throughout the year with snowfall occurring mainly from October to April. Average temperatures range from a low of 7°F in January to a high of 52°F in July. Due to its location on the Pacific Rim of Fire, earthquakes are common although most are minor tremors that cause little damage or disruption. Severe storms occur throughout the year bringing strong winds and high seas that can cause coastal flooding and erosion damage. The seas around Aleutians East Borough are some of the richest fishing grounds in Alaska providing valuable resources for commercial fishermen as well as recreational anglers who come from all over Alaska to enjoy deep-sea fishing opportunities in this region.

Country seat and other main cities in Aleutians East Borough, Alaska

The country seat of Aleutians East Borough is the city of Sand Point, located on Popof Island. It is the largest community in the borough with a population of about 900 people. Sand Point is home to an important harbor and commercial fish processing center that serves as an economic hub for the region. Other cities in the borough include King Cove, located on the eastern side of Unimak Island, and Cold Bay, located at the tip of Alaska’s Alaskan Peninsula. King Cove has a population of around 800 people and offers some of Alaska’s best hunting and fishing opportunities. Cold Bay is home to a major airport with flights to Anchorage and other parts of Alaska, as well as to Japan and Russia. It has a population of around 350 people and serves as an important entry point for visitors to Aleutians East Borough.

According to countryaah, other communities in Aleutians East Borough include Nelson Lagoon, Akutan, False Pass and Chignik Lagoon. Nelson Lagoon is home to about 250 people who are primarily engaged in subsistence fishing activities. Akutan is known for its large seabird rookery which attracts thousands of visitors each year from all over Alaska. False Pass has a population of about 125 people who primarily rely on subsistence hunting and fishing activities for their livelihoods. Finally, Chignik Lagoon is home to about 200 people who are mostly engaged in commercial fishing activities throughout the year.


According to abbreviationfinder, the two-letter abbreviation for Alaska is AK. This abbreviation is commonly used in postal addresses, license plates, and other documents. It is also the symbol that is used on the state flag and many of its seals. The state is also known by its nickname, “The Last Frontier” which comes from its remote location and rugged terrain. Alaska has a rich history as the 49th state to join the United States as well as being the largest state in terms of land area. Its diverse geography includes glaciers, tundra, forests, mountains and coastline that span over 663 thousand square miles. Alaska’s economy relies heavily on fishing, forestry, oil and gas production as well as tourism with visitors coming from all over the world to experience its breathtaking beauty.

History of Aleutians East Borough, Alaska

The Aleutians East Borough, Alaska, is located in the western part of the state and encompasses more than twenty islands. The region is home to a rich and diverse culture that dates back centuries. It was first inhabited by the Unangan people, also known as the Aleuts, who lived on these islands for thousands of years before European contact. The Unangan people were primarily fishers and hunters who relied on the abundant resources of the sea to sustain their way of life.

In 1741, Russian explorers arrived in the area and soon established trading posts and settlements throughout the region. This colonization had a devastating effect on Unangan culture as many were forcibly relocated or enslaved by Russian traders. In 1867, Alaska was sold to the United States and soon after, American settlers began arriving in Aleutians East Borough. They established commercial fishing operations that would become some of Alaska’s most important industries over time.

During World War II, Japanese forces invaded two islands in Aleutians East Borough which caused significant disruption to local communities. Many Unangan people were displaced or killed during this time period but eventually returned to their homes after the war ended in 1945. In 1960, Aleutians East Borough was officially incorporated as a borough encompassing all of its islands and surrounding waters.

Today, Aleutians East Borough continues to be an important part of Alaska’s history and culture while also providing valuable economic opportunities for its residents through commercial fishing operations as well as tourism activities such as whale watching and wildlife viewing excursions. It remains an integral part of Alaskan life today with a strong sense of community pride among its citizens that is evident throughout its many small towns and villages scattered across this beautiful landscape.

Economy of Aleutians East Borough, Alaska

Aleutians East Borough, Alaska, is one of the most economically active areas in the state. The region’s economy is primarily driven by commercial fishing operations, which have been an important part of the local economy for centuries. These operations provide jobs for many local residents and contribute significantly to the local economy. Additionally, tourism activities such as whale watching and wildlife viewing excursions also generate a significant amount of economic activity in Aleutians East Borough.

The fisheries industry is one of the most important contributors to Aleutians East Borough’s economy. It provides jobs for thousands of people in the region who are involved in harvesting and processing fish products such as salmon, halibut, and cod. Additionally, many local businesses rely on the seafood industry for their livelihoods, such as restaurants that specialize in seafood dishes or stores that sell fishing equipment or supplies.

In addition to commercial fishing operations and tourism activities, Aleutians East Borough has several other industries that contribute to its economy. For example, there are several businesses in the area that specialize in boat building and repair services as well as other maritime-related activities such as marine engineering or shipbuilding. Additionally, there are several small-scale agricultural operations throughout the region that produce vegetables and fruits for local consumption.

Overall, Aleutians East Borough’s diverse economy provides a range of opportunities for its residents to make a living while also contributing to Alaska’s overall economic prosperity. The combination of commercial fishing operations, tourism activities, maritime businesses, and small-scale agricultural production make it an important part of Alaska’s overall economic landscape.

Aleutians East Borough, Alaska