Geography of Howard County, Indiana

by | April 4, 2024

Howard County, nestled in the heart of Indiana, is characterized by its rolling plains, fertile farmland, and network of rivers and lakes. From its agricultural landscapes to its urban centers, Howard County offers a diverse array of geographical features and climatic conditions that shape its environment and contribute to its unique identity.


According to Climateforcities, Howard County spans approximately 293 square miles (759 square kilometers) in north-central Indiana. It is bordered by several other counties, including Miami County to the north, Grant County to the east, Tipton County to the south, and Cass County to the west. The county’s landscape is primarily flat to gently rolling, with elevations ranging from around 700 to 900 feet (213 to 274 meters) above sea level.

The county is located within the Central Till Plain region of Indiana, characterized by its fertile soils and extensive agricultural land. While much of the county is dedicated to agriculture, there are also wooded areas and small streams scattered throughout the region.


Howard County experiences a humid continental climate with four distinct seasons. Summers are typically warm and humid, with average high temperatures in the 80s°F (27-32°C) and occasional periods of hot, muggy weather. Winters are cold and snowy, with average low temperatures in the 10s to 20s°F (-9 to -6°C) and occasional cold snaps bringing temperatures below zero.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons characterized by mild temperatures and fluctuating weather patterns. Spring brings blooming flowers and the return of migratory birds, while fall brings vibrant foliage and harvest festivals celebrating the bounty of the agricultural season.

Precipitation is relatively evenly distributed throughout the year, with rain showers and thunderstorms common in the spring and summer months. Snowfall is most frequent in the winter, particularly during the months of December through February.

Rivers and Lakes:

While Howard County is not known for its large rivers and lakes, it is traversed by several smaller waterways that contribute to the region’s natural beauty and provide recreational opportunities for residents and visitors alike. Some of the notable rivers and streams in Howard County include:

  1. Wildcat Creek: The Wildcat Creek flows through the northern part of Howard County, providing habitat for fish and wildlife and offering opportunities for canoeing, kayaking, and fishing.
  2. Pipe Creek: Pipe Creek is a tributary of the Wildcat Creek, flowing through the southern part of Howard County. The creek provides additional opportunities for outdoor recreation, including hiking and birdwatching.

In addition to its rivers and streams, Howard County is also home to several small lakes and reservoirs, including Kokomo Reservoir and Highland Park Reservoir. These water bodies provide additional recreational opportunities for fishing, boating, and water-based activities.

Vegetation and Agriculture:

Howard County’s fertile soils and favorable climate make it an ideal region for agriculture. The county’s agricultural sector is diverse, with crops ranging from corn and soybeans to wheat, oats, and hay. Livestock farming, including cattle, hogs, and poultry, is also prevalent in the region.

In addition to row crops and livestock farming, Howard County is also home to orchards, vineyards, and specialty crop producers. The county’s agricultural heritage is celebrated through annual events such as county fairs, agricultural expos, and farm-to-table festivals showcasing locally grown food and products.

Outside of agricultural areas, Howard County is characterized by woodlands, wetlands, and riparian habitats along its rivers and streams. These natural habitats provide habitat for a variety of wildlife species, including deer, turkey, waterfowl, and songbirds.

Communities and Economy:

Howard County is home to several communities, each offering its own unique blend of small-town charm, historic architecture, and modern amenities. The county seat and largest city is Kokomo, known for its automotive heritage, manufacturing industry, and cultural attractions.

Other communities in Howard County include Greentown, Russiaville, and Indian Heights, each with its own distinct character and sense of community. These towns serve as centers of commerce, education, and culture for residents of the surrounding area.

The economy of Howard County is diverse, with key sectors including manufacturing, healthcare, retail trade, and education. Manufacturing remains a significant driver of the local economy, with companies producing a variety of goods, including automotive parts, industrial equipment, and consumer products.

Healthcare is also an important industry in Howard County, with hospitals, clinics, and medical facilities providing essential services and employment opportunities for residents. Retail trade and education sectors contribute to the county’s overall prosperity and quality of life.


In summary, Howard County, Indiana, is a region of natural beauty, agricultural abundance, and small-town charm. From its fertile farmland and scenic waterways to its historic towns and vibrant communities, Howard County offers a unique blend of geographical features and cultural heritage that make it a special place to live and visit. With its rich agricultural tradition, diverse wildlife habitats, and strong sense of community, Howard County remains a treasured destination in the heart of north-central Indiana.