List of Ministries in Italy from 11 March 1978

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– (36th: 11 March 1978 – 20 March 1979); President, Giulio Andreotti; Without portfolio, Luigi Ciriaco De Mita (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Foreign, Arnaldo Forlani; Interni, Francesco Cossiga (since 13 June 1978, Virginio Rognoni); Grace and Justice, Francesco Paolo Bonifacio; Budget and Economic Planning (and Regions), Tommaso Morlino; Finance, Franco Maria Malfatti; Treasure, Filippo Maria Pandolfi; Defense, Attilio Ruffini; Public Education, Mario Pedini; Public Works, Gaetano Stammati; Agriculture and Forests, Giovanni Marcora; Transport and (interimMerchant Navy, Vittorino Colombo; Post and Telecommunications, Antonino Gullotti; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Carlo Donat Cattin (since 25 November 1978, Romano Prodi); Work and Social Security, Vincenzo Scotti; Foreign Trade, Rinaldo Ossola; State holdings, Antonio Bisaglia; Health, Tina Anselmi; Tourism and Entertainment, Carlo Pastorino; Cultural and Environmental Heritage (and Scientific and Technological Research), Dario Antoniozzi.

– (37th: March 20, 1979 – August 4, 1979); President, Giulio Andreotti; Vice President, Ugo La Malfa; Without portfolio, Michele Di Giesi (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Foreign, Arnaldo Forlani; Interior, Virginio Rognoni; Grace and Justice, Tommaso Morlino; Budget and Economic Planning, Ugo La Malfa (from 29 March, Bruno Visentini); Finance, Franco Maria Malfatti; Treasure, Filippo Maria Pandolfi; Defense, Attilio Ruffini; Public Education, Giovanni Spadolini; Public Works, Francesco Compagna; Agriculture and Forests, Giovanni Marcora; Transport and (ad interim) Merchant Navy, Luigi Preti; Post and Telecommunications, Vittorino Colombo; IndustryCommerce and Handicraft, Franco Nicolazzi; Work and Social Security, Vincenzo Scotti; Foreign Trade, Gaetano Stammati; State holdings, Antonio Bisaglia; Health, Tina Anselmi; Tourism and Entertainment, Egidio Ariosto; Cultural and Environmental Heritage (and Scientific and Technological Research), Dario Antoniozzi.

– (38th: August 4, 1979 – April 4, 1980); President, Francesco Cossiga; Without portfolio, Michele Di Giesi (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Adolfo Sarti (Relations with Parliament; from 18 January 1980, Clelio Darida); Vito Scalia (Scientific and technological research); Massimo Severo Giannini (Public function); Foreign, Franco Maria Malfatti (from 18 January 1980, Attilio Ruffini); Interior, Virginio Rognoni; Grace and Justice, Tommaso Morlino; Budget and Economic Planning (and Regions), Beniamino Andreatta; Finance, Francesco Reviglio; Treasure, Filippo Maria Pandolfi; Defence, Attilio Ruffini (from 18 January 1980, Adolfo Sarti); Public Education, Salvatore Valitutti; Public Works, Franco Nicolazzi; Agriculture and Forests, Giovanni Marcora; Transport, Luigi Preti; Post and Telecommunications, Vittorino Colombo; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Antonio Bisaglia; Work and Social Security, Vincenzo Scotti; Foreign Trade, Gaetano Stammati; Mercantile Navy, Franco Evangelisti; State equity investments, Siro Lombardini; Health, Renato Altissimo; Tourism and Entertainment, Bernardo D’Arezzo; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Egidio Ariosto.

– (39th: April 4, 1980 – October 18, 1980); President, Francesco Cossiga; Without portfolio, Remo Gaspari (Relations with Parliament); Vincenzo Scotti (Internal Coordinator of Community Policies); Beniamino Andreatta (Special assignments); Massimo Severo Giannini (Public function); Vincenzo Russo (Regional Affairs); Vincenzo Balzamo (Scientific and technological research); Nicola Capria (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Foreign, Emilio Colombo; Interior, Virginio Rognoni; Grace and Justice, Tommaso Morlino; Budget and Economic Planning, Giorgio La Malfa; Finance, Francesco Reviglio; treasure, Filippo Maria Pandolfi; Defense, Lelio Lagorio; Public Education, Adolfo Sarti; Public Works, Francesco Compagna; Agriculture and Forests, Giovanni Marcora; Transport, Salvatore Formica; Post and Telecommunications, Clelio Darida; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Antonio Bisaglia; Work and Social Security, Franco Foschi; Foreign Trade, Enrico Manca; Merchant Navy, Nicola Signorello; State holdings, Gianni De Michelis; Health, Aldo Aniasi; Tourism and Entertainment, Bernardo D’Arezzo; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Oddo Biasini.

– (40th: October 18, 1980 – June 28, 1981); President, Arnaldo Forlani; Without portfolio, Vincenzo Scotti (Community policies); Clelio Darida (Public function); Pier Luigi Romita (Scientific and technological research); Nicola Capria (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Roberto Mazzotta (Regional Affairs); Antonio Gava (Relations with the Parliament); Foreign, Emilio Colombo; Interior, Virginio Rognoni; Grace and Justice, Adolfo Sarti (from 23 May 1981, Clelio Darida); Budget and Economic Planning, Giorgio La Malfa; Finance, Francesco Reviglio; Honey, Beniamino Andreatta; Defence, Lelio Lagorio; Public Education, Guido Bodrato; Public Works, Franco Nicolazzi; Agriculture and Forests, Giuseppe Bartolomei; Transport, Salvatore Formica; Post and Telecommunications, Michele Di Giesi; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Antonio Bisaglia (from 20 December 1980, Filippo Maria Pandolfi); Work and Social Security, Franco Foschi; Foreign Trade, Enrico Manca; Merchant Navy, Francesco Compagna; State holdings, Gianni De Michelis; Health, Aldo Aniasi; Tourism and Entertainment, Nicola Signorello; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Oddo Biasini.

– (41st: June 28, 1981 – August 23, 1982); President, Giovanni Spadolini; Without portfolio, Aldo Aniasi (Regional Affairs); Dante Schietroma (Public function); Luciano Radi (Relations with Parliament); Giuseppe Zamberletti (Civil Protection); Lucio Gustavo Abis (Community policies); Claudio Signorile (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Giancarlo Tesini (Scientific and technological research); Foreign, Emilio Colombo; Interior, Virginio Rognoni; Grace and Justice, Clelio Darida; Budget and Economic Planning, Giorgio La Malfa; Finance, Salvatore Formica; Honey, Beniamino Andreatta; Defence, Lelio Lagorio; Public Education, Guido Bodrato; Public Works, Franco Nicolazzi; Agriculture and Forests, Giuseppe Bartolomei; Transport, Vincenzo Balzamo; Post and Telecommunications, Remo Gaspari; Industry, Commerce and Crafts ; Giovanni Marcora; Work and Social Security, Michele Di Giesi; Foreign Trade, Nicola Capria; Merchant Navy, Calogero Mannino; State holdings, Gianni De Michelis; Health, Renato Altissimo; Tourism and Entertainment, Nicola Signorello; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Vincenzo Scotti.

– (42nd: August 23, 1982 – December 1, 1982); President, Giovanni Spadolini; Without portfolio, Aldo Aniasi (Regional Affairs); Dante Schietroma (Public function); Luciano Radi (Relations with Parliament); Giuseppe Zamberletti (Civil Protection); Lucio Gustavo Abis (Community policies); Claudio Signorile (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Giancarlo Tesini (Scientific and technological research); Foreign, Emilio Colombo; Interior, Virginio Rognoni; Grace and Justice, Clelio Darida; Budget and Economic Planning, Giorgio La Malfa; Finance, Salvatore Formica; Honey, Beniamino Andreatta; Defence, Lelio Lagorio; Public Education, Guido Bodrato; Public Works, Franco Nicolazzi; Agriculture and Forests, Giuseppe Bartolomei; Transport, Vincenzo Balzamo; Post and Telecommunications, Remo Gaspari; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Giovanni Marcora; Work and Social Security, Michele Di Giesi; Foreign Trade, Nicola Capria; Merchant Navy, Calogero Mannino; State holdings, Gianni De Michelis; Health, Renato Altissimo; Tourism and Entertainment, Nicola Signorello; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Vincenzo Scotti.

– (43 °: 1 December 1982 – 4 August 1983); President, Amintore Fanfani; Without portfolio, Fabio Fabbri (Regional Affairs; from 13 July 1983, ad interim Loris Fortuna); Dante Schietroma (Public function); Lucio Gustavo Abis (Relations with Parliament); Loris Fortuna (Civil Protection); Alfredo Biondi (Community policies); Claudio Signorile (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Pier Luigi Romita (Scientific and technological research); Foreign, Emilio Colombo; Interni, Virginio Rognoni (from 13 July 1983, ad interim Amintore Fanfani); Grace and Justice, Clelio Darida; Budget and Economic Planning, Guido Bodrato;Finance, Francesco Forte; Treasure, Giovanni Goria; Defense, Lelio Lagorio; Public Education, Franca Falcucci; Public Works, Franco Nicolazzi; Agriculture and Forests, Calogero Mannino; Transport, Mario Bruzio Casalinuovo; Post and Telecommunications, Remo Gaspari; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Filippo Maria Pandolfi; Work and Social Security, Vincenzo Scotti; Foreign Trade, Nicola Capria; Merchant Navy, Michele Di Giesi; State holdings, Gianni De Michelis; Health, Renato Altissimo; Tourism and Entertainment, Nicola Signorello; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Nicola Vernola.

– (44th: 4 August 1983 – 1 August 1986); President, Benedetto (known as Bettino) Craxi; Vice President, Arnaldo Forlani; Without portfolio, Pier Luigi Romita (Regional Affairs; since 31 July 1984, Carlo Vizzini); Remo Gaspari (Public function); Oscar Mammì (Relations with the Parliament); Vincenzo Scotti (Civil protection; from 26 March 1984, Giuseppe Zamberletti); Francesco Forte (Community policies; from 9 May 1985, ad interim Bettino Craxi; from 31 July 1985, Loris Fortuna; after his death, 5 December 1985, Bettino Craxi); Salverino De Vito (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Luigi Granelli (Scientific and technological research); Foreign, Giulio Andreotti; Interior, Oscar Luigi Scalfaro; Grace and Justice, Fermo (called Mino) Martinazzoli; Budget and Economic Planning, Pietro Longo (from 31 July 1984, Pier Luigi Romita); Finance, Bruno Visentini; Treasure, Giovanni Goria; Defense, Giovanni Spadolini; Public Education, Franca Falcucci; Public Works, Franco Nicolazzi; Agriculture and Forests, Filippo Maria Pandolfi; Transport, Claudio Signorile; Post and Telecommunications, Antonio Gava; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Renato Altissimo; Work and Social Security, Gianni De Michelis; Foreign Trade, Nicola Capria; Mercantile Navy, Gianuario Carta; State holdings, Clelio Darida; Health, Costante Degan; Tourism and Entertainment, Lelio Lagorio; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Antonino Gullotti.

– (45th: 1 August 1986 – 17 April 1987); President, Bettino Craxi; Vice President, Arnaldo Forlani; Without portfolio, Carlo Vizzini (Regional Affairs); Remo Gaspari (Public function); Oscar Mammì (Relations with the Parliament); Giuseppe Zamberletti (Civil Protection); Fabio Fabbri (Community policies); Salverino De Vito (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Luigi Granelli (Scientific and technological research); Foreign, Giulio Andreotti; Interiors, Oscar Luigi Scalfaro; Grace and Justice, Virginio Rognoni; Budget and Economic Planning, Pier Luigi Romita; Finance, Bruno Visentini; treasure, Giovanni Goria; Defense, Giovanni Spadolini; Public Education, Franca Falcucci; Public Works, Franco Nicolazzi; Agriculture and Forests, Filippo Maria Pandolfi; Transport, Claudio Signorile; Post and Telecommunications, Antonio Gava; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Valerio Zanone; Work and Social Security, Gianni De Michelis; Foreign Trade, Salvatore Formica; Merchant Navy, Costante Degan; State holdings, Clelio Darida; Health, Carlo Donat Cattin; Tourism and Entertainment, Nicola Capria; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Antonino Gullotti; Environment: Francesco De Lorenzo.

– (46th: April 17, 1987 – July 28, 1987); President, Amintore Fanfani; Without portfolio, Gaetano Gifuni (Relations with Parliament); Livio Paladin (Regional Affairs and Public Service); Luigi Granelli (Scientific and technological research); Salverino De Vito (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Foreign Affairs (and Community Policies), Giulio Andreotti; Interiors, Oscar Luigi Scalfaro; Grace and Justice, Virginio Rognoni; Finance, Giuseppe Guarino; Treasury (and interim Budget and Economic Planning), Giovanni Goria; Defense, Remo Gaspari; Public Education, Franca Falcucci; Public Works and Civil Protection, Giuseppe Zamberletti; Agriculture and Forests, Filippo Maria Pandolfi; Transport, Giovanni Travaglini; Post and Telecommunications, Antonio Gava; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Franco Piga; Work and Social Security, Ermanno Gorrieri; Foreign Trade, Mario Sarcinelli; Merchant Navy, Costante Degan; State holdings, Clelio Darida; Health, Carlo Donat Cattin; Tourism and Entertainment, Mario Di Lazzaro; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Antonino Gullotti;Environment, Mario Pavan.

– (47th: July 28, 1987 – April 13, 1988); President, Giovanni Goria; Vice President and Minister of the Treasury, Giuliano Amato; Without portfolio, Giovanni Goria (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Remo Gaspari (Civil Protection); Giorgio Santuz (Public service); Aristide Gunnella (Regional Affairs); Rosa Jervolino Russo (Special Affairs); Sergio Mattarella (Relations with Parliament); Carlo Tognoli (Problems of urban areas); Antonio La Pergola (Community policies); Antonio Ruberti (Scientific and technological research); Foreign, Giulio Andreotti; Interni, Amintore Fanfani; Grace and Justice, Giuliano Vassalli; Budget and Economic Planning, Emilio Colombo; Finance, Antonio Gava; Defense, Valerio Zanone; Public Education, Giovanni Galloni; Public Works, Emilio De Rose; Agriculture and Forests, Filippo Maria Pandolfi; Transport, Calogero Mannino; Post and Telecommunications, Oscar Mammì; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Adolfo Battaglia; Work and Social Security, Salvatore Formica; Foreign Trade, Renato Ruggiero; Merchant Navy, Giovanni Prandini; State holdings, Luigi Granelli; Health, Carlo Donat Cattin;Tourism and Entertainment, Franco Carraro; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Carlo Vizzini; Environment, Giorgio Ruffolo.

– (48th: April 13, 1988 – July 22, 1989); President, Luigi Ciriaco De Mita; Vice President, Gianni De Michelis; Without portfolio, Remo Gaspari (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Vito Lattanzio (Civil Protection); Paolo Cirino Pomicino (Public function); Antonio Maccanico (Regional Affairs and Institutional Problems); Rosa Jervolino Russo (Social Affairs); Sergio Mattarella (Relations with Parliament); Carlo Tognoli (Problems of urban areas); Antonio La Pergola (Community policies); Antonio Ruberti (Scientific and technological research); Foreign, Giulio Andreotti; Interiors, Antonio Gava; Grace and Justice, Giuliano Vassalli;Budget and Economic Planning, Amintore Fanfani; Finance, Emilio Colombo; Treasure, Giuliano Amato; Defense, Valerio Zanone; Public Education, Giovanni Galloni; Public Works, Enrico Ferri; Agriculture and Forests, Calogero Mannino; Transport, Giorgio Santuz; Post and Telecommunications, Oscar Mammì; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Adolfo Battaglia; Work and Social Security, Salvatore Formica; Foreign Trade, Renato Ruggiero; Merchant Navy, Giovanni Prandini; State holdings, Carlo Fracanzani; Health, Carlo Donat Cattin; Tourism and Entertainment, Franco Carraro; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Vincenza Bono Parrino; Environment, Giorgio Ruffolo.

– (49th: 22 July 1989-12 April 1991); President, Giulio Andreotti; Vice President, Claudio Martelli; Without portfolio, Riccardo Misasi (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Vito Lattanzio (Civil Protection); Remo Gaspari (Public function); Antonio Maccanico (Regional Affairs and Institutional Problems); Rosa Jervolino Russo (Social Affairs); Egidio Sterpa (Relations with Parliament); Carmelo Conte (Problems of urban areas); Pier Luigi Romita (Community policies); Foreign, Gianni De Michelis; Interiors, Antonio Gava; Grace and Justice, Giuliano Vassalli; Budget and Economic Planning, Paolo Cirino Pomicino; Finances, Salvatore Formica; Honey, Guido Carli; Defense, Mino Martinazzoli; Public Education, Sergio Mattarella; Public Works, Giovanni Prandini; Agriculture and Forests, Calogero Mannino; Transport, Carlo Bernini; Post and Telecommunications, Oscar Mammì; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Adolfo Battaglia; Work and Social Security, Carlo Donat Cattin; Foreign Trade, Renato Ruggiero; Merchant Navy, Carlo Vizzini; State holdings, Carlo Fracanzani; Health, Francesco De Lorenzo;Tourism and Entertainment, Franco Carraro; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Ferdinando Facchiano; Environment, Giorgio Ruffolo; University and Scientific and Technological Research, Antonio Ruberti.

– (50th: 12 April 1991-28 June 1992); President, Giulio Andreotti (ad interim, since 13 April 1991, Minister of State Holdings and of Cultural and Environmental Heritage); Vice President, Claudio Martelli; Without portfolio, Egidio Sterpa (Relations with Parliament); Pier Luigi Romita (Community policies); Remo Gaspari (Public function); Calogero Mannino (Extraordinary interventions in the South); Mino Martinazzoli (Institutional Reforms and Regional Affairs); Nicola Capria (Civil Protection); Rosa Jervolino Russo (Social Affairs); Carmelo Conte (Urban areas); Margherita Boniver (Italians abroad and Immigration); Foreign, Gianni De Michelis; Interior, Vincenzo Scotti; Grace and Justice, Claudio Martelli; Budget and Economic Planning, Paolo Cirino Pomicino; Finance, Salvatore Formica; Honey, Guido Carli; Defense, Virginio Rognoni; Public Education, Riccardo Misasi; Public Works, Giovanni Prandini; Agriculture and Forests, Giovanni Goria; Transport, Carlo Bernini; Post and Telecommunications, Carlo Vizzini; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft, Guido Bodrato; Work and Social Security, Franco Marini; Foreign Trade, Vito Lattanzio;Mercantile Navy, Ferdinando Facchiano; Health, Francesco De Lorenzo; Tourism and Entertainment, Carlo Tognoli; Environment, Giorgio Ruffolo; University and Scientific and Technological Research, Antonio Ruberti.

– (51st: June 28, 1992 – April 29, 1993); President, Giuliano Amato; Without portfolio, Adriano Bompiani (Social Affairs); Carmelo Conte (Urban areas); Raffaele Costa (Community Policies and Regional Affairs; from 21 February 1993, Gianfranco Ciaurro); Paolo Baratta (Privatizations, from 21 February 1993); Esteri, Vincenzo Scotti (from 1 August 1992, Emilio Colombo); Interiors, Nicola Mancino; Grace and Justice, Claudio Martelli (from 11 February 1993, Giovanni Conso); Budget and Economic Planning (and Extraordinary Interventions in the South), Franco Reviglio (from 21 February 1993, Beniamino Andreatta); Finances, Giovanni Goria (from 21 February 1993, Franco Reviglio; from 31 March 1993, ad interim Giuliano Amato); Treasury (and public function), Piero Barucci; Defense, Salvatore Andò; Public Education, Rosa Jervolino Russo; Public Works, Francesco Merloni; Agriculture and Forests, Giovanni Angelo Fontana (from 23 March 1993, Alfredo Diana); Transport (and Mercantile Navy), Giancarlo Tesini; Post and Telecommunications, Maurizio Pagani; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft (and interim State Holdings), Giuseppe Guarino; Work and Social Security, Adolfo (called Nino) Cristofori;Foreign Trade, Claudio Vitalone; Health, Francesco De Lorenzo (from 21 February 1993, Raffaele Costa); Tourism and Entertainment, Margherita Boniver; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Alberto Ronchey; Environment, Carlo Ripa di Meana (from 9 March 1993, Valdo Spini); University and Scientific and Technological Research, Alessandro Fontana.

– (52nd: April 29, 1993); President (and ad interim Minister of Tourism and Entertainment), Carlo Azeglio Ciampi; Without portfolio, Augusto Barbera (Relations with the Parliament; from 5 May 1993, Paolo Barile); Leopoldo Elia (Electoral and institutional reforms); Sabino Cassese (Public function); Valdo Spini (Community Policies and Regional Affairs; from 5 May 1993, Livio Paladin); Fernanda Contri (Social Affairs); Foreign, Beniamino Andreatta; Interiors, Nicola Mancino; Grace and Justice, Giovanni Conso; Budget, Luigi Spaventa; Finance, Vincenzo Visco (from 5 May 1993, Franco Gallo); treasure, Piero Barucci; Defense, Fabio Fabbri; Public Education, Rosa Jervolino Russo; Public Works, Francesco Merloni; Agriculture and Forests, Alfredo Diana; Transport (and interim Mercantile Navy), Raffaele Costa; Post and Telecommunications, Maurizio Pagani; Industry, Commerce and Handicraft (and Reorganization of State Holdings), Paolo Savona; Work and Social Security, Gino Giugni; Foreign Trade, Paolo Baratta; Health, Maria Pia Garavaglia; Cultural and Environmental Heritage, Alberto Ronchey;Environment, Francesco Rutelli (from 5 May 1993, Valdo Spini); University and Scientific and Technological Research, Luigi Berlinguer (since 5 May 1993, Umberto Colombo).

President, Giuliano Amato